The spine is the central axis of our body and provides flexibility and stability. It enables us to perform various movements in every direction. It also protects the spinal cord, which transmits information of our brain to the respective parts of the body and back again.
The spine consists of a total of 24 vertebrae and is divided into three areas: the cervical spine, the thoracic spine and the lumbar spine, to which the sacrum and the coccyx are connected.
The individual vertebrae consist of the vertebral body, vertebral arch and lamina and form the canal for the spinal cord. Between the vertebrae are the intervertebral discs. These ensure the mobility of the spine and serve as a buffer between the individual vertebrae.
Occurring spinal diseases can be particularly noticeable through back pain. But also leg pain (neck arm pain), as well as paralysis and/or numbness of the legs (arms) can be the result of a spinal disease and have an enormous influence on the quality of life.